The account of life on earth depicts an interaction between living things and the ecosystem, to a point where the existence of these living organisms and the vegetation present in it, heavily relies on the environment. The environment provides services to humans and other species, services vital to the well-being, the quality of life and survival. It is evident that as living things depend on the environment, they have presented several adverse effects. Therefore, considering the immense life sustaining contributions the environment avails to human beings and the other living thing, the least people can do, as a society is to save our environment.
The environment necessitates protection, as it is the primary determinant of survival. The environment facilities survival in various ways. First, it provides a clean atmosphere through the forests removing carbon dioxide and other pollutants from the air making it fresh and safe to breathe. Second, it provides food through ensuring the presence enough rainfall that nurtures plants, the presence of uncontaminated soil that is bountiful and rich in nutrients, thereby enabling the seeds to grow. Suitable climatic conditions also facilitate the growth of food. Destruction of the environment results in, the erosion of soil through floods; chemicals and waste contaminants thereby, rendering it useless for agriculture and consequencing in drought. A healthy environment also facilitates access to clean water for animals and vegetation for nourishment.
A clean environment promotes healthy living. Failure to protect and save the environment increases the introduction of contaminants and toxins that cause pollution. Pollutants such as greenhouse gas emission, utilization of means of transportation such as cars and railway that emit carbon dioxide and other toxic gases increasingly threaten the presence of fresh air. Consequently, the air consequences in respiratory diseases, cancer, and asthma. Pollution of water occurs through the runoff of contaminated water, poorly disposed waste and chemical wastes. It results in typhoid, cholera, and other waterborne diseases. Air and water sustain life and ensures a healthy life. Thus, we should prevent pollution.
Saving the environment saves the future generation. The people present today will not live forever. Therefore, they should leave the environment habitable and conserved in a way that their grandchildren and great grandchildren will appreciate it. We are blessed to enjoy the onset of sunrise and sunset, the beautiful beaches, the forests, jungles, and wildlife. The question, therefore, is, would one not want the future generation to enjoy the remarkable wonders enjoyed today? Making sacrifices today of preventing harm to the environment eliminates dangers that future generations will endure.
The environment safeguards biodiversity. Biodiversity is the existence of variations of animals, plants and other living things in the world, bringing about uniqueness and beauty to the ecosystem. It is essential due to various benefits accrued from it. For instance, provision of food varieties from the plants and animal species present that survive because of the maintenance of the food web. The different plants facilitate the cleaning of air, thereby making it sufficient to breathe and preserve the energy. Economically, it provides raw materials for making shelter, furniture, and other products. Moreover, it becomes a source of revenue through tourism. Destruction of the environment through, for instance, human encroachment negatively influences biodiversity by causing loss of habitats for different animals and living things, climate change, and pollution of soil, air, and water.
The need to save the environment requires urgency. Every single day, the population continues to disintegrate the environment by introducing various pollutants. It is simple to implement various measures that protect it, as in the end, the people accrue surmountable benefits.
“The architect of the cosmos is not a common man but He is supernatural, super-heroic and un-earthly”
The above dialogue light-footedly tells us that the maker of the entire universe is The Fabricator and we all are mere janitors of it. But do we truly live up to this…? In today’s world of crime, animosity, hatred, destruction, etc., do we really follow this….??? It’s a thought to ponder upon.
Industrialization took birth around the 18th century. This is when man became self-absorbed and started the exploitation of the nature. The need for the sustenance of the biotic world marred the abiotic world. Industrialization gave nativity to urbanization and this in turn forced people from villages to move towards the cities in search of livelihood. All this led to ecological imbalance and thus resulted in environmental pollution.
Environmental pollution is categorized into three viz. air, water and land. The emission from industries and manufacturing activities, burning of fossil fuels, household and farming chemicals, etc. are the root causes of air pollution. Common air pollutants are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, so on and so forth. Government should invest in wind energy and solar energy, as well as other renewable energy, to minimize burning of fossil fuels, which cause heavy air pollution. We should encourage our family to use the bus, train or bike when commuting. If we all do this, there will be fewer cars on road and less fumes. Recycle and re-use things. This will minimize the dependence of producing new things. Remember manufacturing industries create a lot of pollution, so if we can re-use things like shopping plastic bags, clothing, paper and bottles, it can help. Wise usage of energy will cut down the amount of pollution we create.
We call water a life giving source. But do we ever think of it when we pollute it…? Industrial waste containing asbestos, phosphates, nitrates, sulphur, etc., sewage and waste water, oils, ocean and marine dumping, underground storage and tube leakage are the primary agents of water pollution. The control of water pollution requires each individual’s participation and involvement. We should not litter the beaches, pools, riversides with garbage. We should use environmentally safe cleaning liquids for the use at home and other public places. They are less dangerous to the environment. Water should be used wisely and one should never keep the tap running. Proper treatment of chemicals and medicines should be ensured before letting them into the lakes and rivers. Over-use of pesticides and fertilizers should be stopped. In many developed cities, waste or sewage treatment is very efficient, and designed to minimize pollution of water bodies.
We Indians treat soil as our mother but not when it comes to preserving it. The mainspring for land pollution is oil refineries, deforestation, garbage and waste, mining sources and agricultural sources. In order to subdue land pollution, people should be educated and made aware about the harmful effects of littering. We should discuss with friends and family and talk about it. Buying of biodegradable products is quintessential. We should switch to organic foods that are grown without pesticides. Personal litter should be disposed properly. We can separate household waste at home for recycling. The best way to curb land pollution is following simple three R’s, they are Reduce waste, Re-use things and Recycle things.
Under the pollution control approach, attempts to protect the environment have especially relied on isolating contaminants from the environment and using end-of-pipe filters and scrubbers. These solutions have tended to focus on media-specific environmental quality objectives or emission limits, and have been primarily directed at point source discharges into specific environmental media (air, water, soil). As environmental pollution control technologies have become more sophisticated and more expensive, there has been a growing interest in ways to incorporate prevention in the design of industrial processes – with the objective of eliminating harmful environmental effects while promoting the competitiveness of industries. Among the benefits of pollution prevention approaches, clean technologies and toxic use reduction is the potential for eliminating worker exposure to health risks.
Earth will regain its beauty, but only if we human perform our duty. “Treat the earth well. It was not given to you by your parents. It was loaned to you by your children”. This Kenyan proverb marks the pungent need of the hour i.e. eco-friendly lifestyle. It is high time that we stop the blame game and take initiative and responsibility to conserve and preserve our nature. We all want to extend our generation, then why not gift them an environment that is safe, healthy and free of pollution. Let our future generation see the exploding palms, clear skies, elegant waves, etc. In short let them enjoy the mesmerizing beauty, the elegance of nature and live in a safe, healthy and uncontaminated environment.
Vivian D’Souza is 25 years old and an ardent writer and an avaricious reader. He works in the hospitality industry and have rendered three years of service with hotel Sahara Star as a food and beverage team leader. The topic of environment lures him a lot. He can be reached at email@example.com
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