Living in the 21st century, apart from various commodities and products of technological progress, implies facing serious challenges. Among them, one can name global warming, third-world country hunger and poverty, nuclear weapons, cancer, and so on; one of such issues that poses a significant threat to modern people is depression. Depression has become one of the most widespread illnesses, which can be explained by a combination of factors typical for the modern world’s lifestyle.
The first—and surprising—risk factor for developing depression is gender. About 20-25% women in the United States develop serious depression, sometimes not just once in their lives; for comparison, only about 12% of male Americans face the same problem—or maybe, they visit a doctor’s office less often (All About Depression.com). This is probably connected to the fact that in today’s America, women often have to deal with a wide range of roles, such as business woman, mother, wife, housekeeper, and so on—and these roles often conflict with each other. Unhappy marriages, hormonal changes, and heredity can be contributing factors.
Another group of factors that lead to depression are different psychological problems. Most often, low self-esteem is the major cause, since it makes a person treat themselves with neglect, prevent them from believing in their own strengths, and see the world pessimistically. Other possible psychological reasons are stress, perfectionism, chronic anxiety, avoidant personality disorders, and so on (PsychCentral).
Personal factors, such as complicated life situations, a tragic family history, childhood traumas, living in stressful environments for a long time, and other similar life circumstances can garner depressive conditions. Genetic proneness is also related to this group of causes. At the same time, it does not mean that a person will automatically develop depression if he or she had cases of depression in their family, or they are in a complicated life situation. This group of factors mostly creates premises, and is commonly combined with other risk factors (Beyond Blue).
Alcohol, by the way, is as strong of a cause of depression as genetic factors or psychological problems. Although it is usually considered that alcohol helps people get rid of stress, and increase their communication, in fact it is a depressant that increases a person’s chances to develop depression (femah.net).
These are not the only possible causes of depression, but commonly, this disorder is caused by an aggregate of the factors described above. It is likely that women develop depression more often than men; also, people with psychological problems and complicated personal circumstances are more prone to developing depression. The usage of alcohol not only does not help people get rid of stress, but on the contrary, increases the risks of developing depression. These factors should be taken into account in one’s daily life in order to avoid depression.
“Causes.” All About Depression. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
“What are the Risk Factors for Depression?” Psych Central.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
“What Causes Depression.” Beyond Blue. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
“Alcohol as a Depressant.” Femah.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
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Writing a Cause and Effect Essay
Teenage suicide occurs due to a variety of factors. The numbers remain fairly consistent and schools have attempted to roll out a number of schemes to tackle the problem. The main cause of teenage suicide is time. Young people who spend longer with such a chaotic emotional state are far more likely to commit suicide.
Time is the main factor. If something begins to bother someone, it starts as a mere irritation. They can put it off for a while, but eventually it begins to take over their lives. Over time, they start to lose the ability to cope. And this is when they start thinking, and attempting, suicide.
But certain events in a person’s life can trigger this scenario, and it differs for everybody.
Bullying is a prime reason why teenagers begin to think of suicide. It can occur in the classroom. The bullies might resort to verbal bullying to get under their skin. Sometimes, it gets physical and they can suffer from severe injuries. When nobody steps in, it triggers thoughts of suicide as they feel alone and isolated from the rest of the world.
Parental divorce is another reason why problems begin to occur. When a beloved parent permanently leaves the household, it generates feelings of abandonment. It also destabilises the family household and removes one of their sanctuaries. Without any emotional outlet, they start to believe the only option is suicide.
Teenage suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem. Teenagers experiencing such thoughts believe there’s no future for them. A lack of a long-term future and no way of being able to imagine a positive future leads to apathy. Apathy eventually transitions to depression, which leads to suicidal thoughts.
Friends play a vital role in a young person’s life. Young men and women growing up rarely develop the level of independence needed to confront life alone. Teenagers without friends are far more likely to experience thoughts of suicide than those with a strong support network around them. Someone who isn’t independent needs a support network or they’ll start feeling lonely and abandoned. Not having any friends to lean on offers them the free time they need to indulge in dark thoughts of suicide.
All the above troubles can only happen when nobody steps in to help. If nobody lends a hand to help them, there’s the potential for these feelings to turn into actions. The lack of any support mechanisms, such as through school counselling, parents, and friends allow negative feelings to build up over time.
Overall, it’s time which causes the most damage, time to let these negative feelings bubble under the surface. When the pressure begins to reach higher levels, teenagers begin to attempt suicide. By stepping in early and eliminating these risk factors, the rate of teen suicide can go down.