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Oe Kenzaburo Bibliography For Websites

Kenzaburo Oe - Bibliography

Works in Japanese
A selection of novels, short stories and essays:
Shisha no ogori. – Tokyo: Bungei shunju, 1958
Memushiri kouchi. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 1958
Miru mae ni tobe. – Tokyo: Shinchosha, 1958
Nichijo seikatsu no boken. – Tokyo, 1963
Kojinteki na taiken. – Tokyo: Shinchosha, 1964
Hiroshima noto. – Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1965
Man'en gannen no futtoboru. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 1967
Warera no kyoki o iki nobiru michi o oshieyo. 1969
Okinawa noto. – Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1970
Shosetsu no hoho. – Tokyo: Iwanami Gendai Senso, 1978
Natsukashii toshi e no tegami. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 1986
M/T to mori no fushigi no monogatari. – Tokyo: Iwanami, Shoten, 1986
Chiryo no to. – Tokyo, 1990
Yuruyaka na kizuna. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 1996
Torikaeko. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 2000
Ureigao no warabe. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 2002
Nihyakunen no kodomo. – Tokyo : Chūōm, 2003
Sayonara, watashi no hon yo!. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 2005
Suishi. – Tokyo: Kodansha, 2005
Routashi Anaberu rī souke dachitu mimakaritu. – Tokyo : Shinchosha, 2007
Translations into English
The Catch // Japan Quarterly, 6:1, 1959
Lavish are the Dead // Japan Quarterly, 12:2, 1965
A Personal Matter. – New York: Grove Press, 1968; London: W&N, 1969
The Silent Cry. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1974; – London: Serpernt's Tail, 1988
Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness. – New York: Grove Press, 1977 ; London : Serpent's Tail, 1989
The Catch and other War Stories. – Tokyo ; New York : Kodansha International, 1981
The Pinch Runner Memorandum. – New York : M.E. Sharpe, 1994
Hiroshima Notes. – Tokyo : YMCA Press, 1981. Rev. ed. 1995
Japan, the Ambiguous, and Myself : the Nobel Prize speech and other lectures. – Tokyo ; New York : Kodansha International, 1995
Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids. – London ; New York : Marion Boyars, 1995
An Echo of Heaven. – Tokyo : Kodansha International, 1996
A Healing Family. – Tokyo : Kodansha International, 1996
A Quiet Life. – New York : Grove Press, 1996
Seventeen ; J : Two Novels. – New York : Blue Moon Books, 1996
Rouse Up O Young Men of the New Age! – New York : Grove Press, 2002
Somersault. – New York : Grove Press, 2003
The Changeling. – New York : Grove Press, 2010
Critical studies
Wilson, Michiko Niikuni, The marginal world of Oe Kenzaburo : a study in themes and techniques. – Armonk, N.Y. : Sharpe, 1986
Oe and beyond : fiction in contemporary Japan / edited by Stephen Snyder and Philip Gabriel. – Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 1999
Claremont, Yasuko, The novels of Oe Kenzaburo. – London : Routledge, 2008


The Swedish Academy, 2013

To cite this page
MLA style: "Kenzaburo Oe - Bibliography". Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 11 Mar 2018. <>


In this Japanese name, the family name is Ōe.

Kenzaburō Ōe(大江 健三郎,Ōe Kenzaburō, born 31 January 1935) is a Japanese writer and a major figure in contemporary Japanese literature. His novels, short stories and essays, strongly influenced by French and American literature and literary theory, deal with political, social and philosophical issues, including nuclear weapons, nuclear power, social non-conformism, and existentialism. Ōe was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1994 for creating "an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today".[1]


Ōe was born in Ōse(大瀬村,Ōse-mura), a village now in Uchiko, Ehime Prefecture on Shikoku. He was the third son of seven children. Ōe's grandmother taught him art and oral performance. His grandmother died in 1944, and later that year, Ōe's father died in the Pacific War. Ōe's mother became his primary educator, buying him books such as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Wonderful Adventures of Nils, whose impact Ōe says "he will carry to the grave".[2]

Ōe remembers his elementary school teacher claiming that Emperor Hirohito was a living god, and asking him every morning, "What would you do if the emperor commanded you to die?" Ōe always replied, "I would die, sir. I would cut open my belly and die." At home in bed at night he would acknowledge his reluctance to die and feel ashamed.[3] After the war, he realized he had been taught lies and felt betrayed. This sense of betrayal later appeared in his writing.[3]

Ōe attended high school in Matsuyama. At the age of 18, he made his first trip to Tokyo and in the following year began studying French Literature at Tokyo University under the direction of Professor Kazuo Watanabe, a specialist on François Rabelais. Oe began publishing stories in 1957, while still a student, strongly influenced by contemporary writing in France and the United States. He married in February 1960. His wife, Yukari, was the daughter of film director Mansaku Itami and sister of film director Juzo Itami. The same year he met Mao Zedong on a trip to China. He also went to Russia and Europe the following year, visiting Sartre in Paris.[4][5]

In 1961, Ōe's novellas Seventeen and The Death of a Political Youth were published by a Japanese literary magazine. Both were inspired by seventeen-year-old Yamaguchi Otoya, who assassinated the chairman of Japan's Socialist Party in 1960, and then killed himself in prison three weeks later.

Yamaguchi had admirers among the extreme right wing who were angered by The Death of a Political Youth and both Ōe and the magazine received death threats day and night for weeks. The magazine soon apologized to offended readers, but Ōe did not. The story has never been reprinted or translated.[3]

Ōe lives in Tokyo. He has three children; the eldest son, Hikari, has been brain-damaged since his birth in 1963, and his disability has been a recurring motif in Ōe's writings since.

In 1994 Ōe won the Nobel Prize in Literature and was named to receive Japan's Order of Culture. He refused the latter because it is bestowed by the Emperor. Ōe said, "I do not recognize any authority, any value, higher than democracy." Once again, he received threats.[3]

In 2005, two retired Japanese military officers sued Ōe for libel for his 1970 essay, Okinawa Notes, in which he had written that members of the Japanese military had coerced masses of Okinawan civilians into committing suicide during the Allied invasion of the island in 1945. In March 2008, the Osaka District Court dismissed all charges against Ōe. In this ruling, Judge Toshimasa Fukami stated, "The military was deeply involved in the mass suicides". In a news conference following the trial, Ōe said, "The judge accurately read my writing."[6]

Ōe has been involved with pacifist and anti-nuclear campaigns and has written books regarding the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Hibakusha. Following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, he urged Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda to "halt plans to restart nuclear power plants and instead abandon nuclear energy".[7] Ōe has said Japan has an "ethical responsibility" to abandon nuclear power in the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, just as it renounced war under its postwar Constitution. He has called for "an immediate end to nuclear power generation and warned that Japan would suffer another nuclear catastrophe if it tries to resume nuclear power plant operations". In 2013, he organized a mass demonstration in Tokyo against nuclear power.[8] Ōe has also criticized moves to amend Article 9 of the Constitution, which forever renounces war.[9]


Ōe explained, shortly after learning that he'd been awarded the Nobel Prize, "I am writing about the dignity of human beings".[10]

After his first student works set in his own university milieu, in the late 1950s he produced works such as 飼育 (Shiiku), about a black GI set upon by Japanese youth (made into a film, "The Catch" by Nagisa Oshima in 1961) and Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids, focusing on young children living in Arcadian transformations of Ōe's own rural Shikoku childhood.[11] He later identified these child figures as belonging to the 'child god' archetype of Jung and Kerényi, which is characterised by abandonment, hermaphrodism, invincibility, and association with beginning and end.[12] The first two characteristics are present in these early stories, while the latter two features come to the fore in the 'idiot boy' stories which appeared after the birth of Hikari.[13]

Between 1958 and 1961 Ōe published a series of works incorporating sexual metaphors for the occupation of Japan. He summarised the common theme of these stories as "the relationship of a foreigner as the big power [Z], a Japanese who is more or less placed in a humiliating position [X], and, sandwiched between the two, the third party [Y] (sometimes a prostitute who caters only to foreigners or an interpreter)".[14] In each of these works, the Japanese X is inactive, failing to take the initiative to resolve the situation and showing no psychological or spiritual development.[15] The graphically sexual nature of this group of stories prompted a critical outcry; Ōe said of the culmination of the series Our Times, "I personally like this novel [because] I do not think I will ever write another novel which is filled only with sexual words."[16]

Ōe's next phase moved away from sexual content, shifting this time toward the violent fringes of society. The works which he published between 1961 and 1964 are influenced by existentialism and picaresque literature, populated with more or less criminal rogues and anti-heroes whose position on the fringes of society allows them to make pointed criticisms of it.[17] Ōe's admission that Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn is his favorite book can be said to find a context in this period.[18]

He explains, "I have always wanted to write about our country, our society and feelings about the contemporary scene. But there is a big difference between us and classic Japanese literature." In 1994, he explained that he was proud the Swedish Academy recognized the strength of modern Japanese literature and hoped the prize would encourage others.[10]

According to Leo Ou-fan Lee writing in Muse, Ōe's latest works tend "toward bolder experiments with the technique of 'defamiliarization' by negotiating his narratives across several imaginary landscapes pertaining to painting, film, drama, music and architecture".[19] Ōe believes that novelists have always worked to spur the imagination of their readers.[1]

About his son Hikari[edit]

Ōe credits his son Hikari for influencing his literary career. Ōe tried to give his son a "voice" through his writing. Several of Ōe's books feature a character based on his son.[20]

In Ōe's 1964 book, A Personal Matter, the writer describes the pain involved in accepting his brain-damaged son into his life.[21] Hikari figures prominently in many of the books singled out for praise by the Nobel committee:

Hikari's life is the core of the first book published after Ōe was awarded the Nobel Prize. The 1996 book, A Healing Family, celebrates the small victories in Hikari's life.[22]

Hikari was a strong influence on Father, Where are you Going?, Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness, and The Day He Himself Shall Wipe My Tears Away, three novels which rework the same premise—the father of a disabled son attempts to recreate the life of his own father, who shut himself away and died. The protagonist's ignorance of his father is compared to his son's inability to understand him; the lack of information about his father's story makes the task impossible to complete, but capable of endless repetition, and, "repetition becomes the fabric of the stories".[23]


Ōe did not write much during the nearly two years (2006–2008) of his libel case. He is beginning a new novel, which The New York Times reported would feature a character "based on his father", a staunch supporter of the imperial system who drowned in a flood during World War II. Another projected character is a contemporary young Japanese woman who “rejects everything about Japan” and in one act tries to destroy the imperial order."[24]


Ōe published a new book at the end of 2013. Named Bannen Yoshikishu and published by Kodansha (English title is In Late Style).

The novel is the sixth in a series with the main character of Kogito Choko, who can be considered Ōe's literary alter ego. The novel is also in a sense a culmination of the I-novels that Ōe has continued to write since his son was born mentally disabled in 1963.

In the novel, Choko loses interest in the novel he had been writing when the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami struck the Tohoku region on March 11, 2011. Instead, he begins writing about an age of catastrophe, as well as about the fact that he himself is approaching his late 70s.[25]


  • Akutagawa Prize, 1958.[11]
  • Shinchosha Literary Prize, 1964.
  • Tanizaki Prize, 1967.
  • Noma Prize, 1973.
  • Yomiuri Prize, 1982.
  • Jiro Osaragi Prize (Asahi Shimbun), 1983.
  • Nobel Prize in Literature, 1994.[10]
  • Order of Culture, 1994 – refused.[24]
  • Legion of Honour, 2002.[26]

In 2006, the Kenzaburō Ōe Prize was established to promote Japanese literary novels published in the last year. The winning work is selected solely by Ōe. The winner receives no cash award, but the novel is translated into other languages.

Selected works[edit]

The number of Kenzaburo Ōe's works translated into English and other languages remains limited, so that much of his literary output is still only available in Japanese.[27] The few translations have often appeared after a marked lag in time.[28] Work of his has also been translated into Chinese, French, and German.[29]

In a statistical overview of writings by and about Kenzaburo Ōe, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses roughly 700 works in 1,500+ publications in 28 languages and 27,000+ library holdings.[30]

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Books available in English[edit]

  • Memushiri Kouchi, 1958 – Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids (translated by Paul Mackintosh and Maki Sugiyama)
  • Sevuntiin, 1961 – Seventeen (translated by Luk Van Haute)
  • Seiteki Ningen 1963 Sexual Humans, published as J (translated by Luk Van Haute)
  • Kojinteki na taiken, 1964 – A Personal Matter (translated by John Nathan)
  • Hiroshima noto, 1965 – Hiroshima Notes (translated by David L. Swain, Toshi Yonezawa)
  • Man'en gannen no futtoboru, 1967 – The Silent Cry (translated by John Bester)
  • Warera no kyōki wo ikinobiru michi wo oshieyo, 1969 – Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness (1977)
  • Mizukara waga namida wo nuguitamau hi, 1972 – The Day He Himself Shall Wipe My Tears Awayin Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness (1977)
  • Pinchiranna chosho,' 1976 – The Pinch Runner Memorandum (translated by Michiko N. Wilson)
  • Atarashii hito yo mezame yo, 1983 – Rouse Up O Young Men of the New Age! (translated by John Nathan)
  • Jinsei no shinseki, 1989 – An Echo of Heaven (translated by Margaret Mitsutani)
  • Shizuka-na seikatsu, 1990 – A Quiet Life (translated by Kunioki Yanagishita & William Wetherall)
  • Kaifuku suru kazoku, 1995 – A Healing Family (translated by Stephen Snyder, illustrated by Yukari Oe)
  • Chugaeri, 1999 – Somersault (translated by Philip Gabriel)
  • Torikae ko (Chenjiringu), 2000 – The Changeling (translated by Deborah Boehm)
  • Suishi, 2009 – Death by Water (translated by Deborah Boehm).
YearJapanese TitleEnglish TitleComments
Kimyou na shigoto
The Strange WorkHis first short story
Shisha no ogori
Lavish Are The DeadShort story
Tanin no ashi
Someone Else's FeetShort story
Prize StockShort story awarded the Akutagawa prize
Miru mae ni tobe
Leap before you lookShort story
Memushiri kouchi
Nip the Buds, Shoot the KidsHis first novel
SeventeenShort novel
Seiteki ningen
The sexual man (Also known as "J")Short story
Sora no kaibutsu Aguī
Aghwee the Sky MonsterShort story
Kojinteki na taiken
A Personal MatterAwarded the Shinchosha Literary Prize
Genshuku na tsunawatari
The Solemn Rope-walkingEssay
Hiroshima nōto
Hiroshima NotesReportage
Man'en gan'nen no futtobōru
The Silent CryNovel, awarded the Jun'ichirō Tanizaki prize
Jizoku suru kokorozashi
Continuous willEssay
Warera no kyōki wo ikinobiru michi wo oshieyo
Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness
Kowaremono toshiteno ningen
A Human Being as a fragile articleEssay
Kakujidai no sozouryoku
Imagination of the Atomic AgeTalk
Okinawa nōto
Okinawa NotesReportage
Kujira no shimetsu suru hi
The Day Whales VanishEssay
Mizukara waga namida wo nuguitamau hi
The Day He Himself Shall Wipe My Tears Away
Doujidai toshiteno sengo
The Post-war Times as ContemporariesEssay
Kōzui wa waga tamashii ni oyobi
The Flood Invades My SpiritAwarded the Noma Literary Prize
Pinchi ran'nā chōsho
The Pinch Runner Memorandum
Dojidai gemu
The Game of Contemporaneity
1980(現代 ゲーム)
Gendai gemu"
Sometimes the Heart of the Turtle
Rein tsurī wo kiku on'natachi
Women Listening to the "Rain Tree"Awarded the Yomiuri Literary Prize
Atarashii hito yo, mezameyo
Rouse Up, O Young Men of the New Age!Awarded the Jiro Osaragi prize
Ikani ki wo korosu ka
How Do We Kill the Tree ?
Kaba ni kamareru
Bitten by the HippopotamusAwarded the Yasunari Kawabata Literary Prize
M/T to mori no fushigi no monogatari
M/T and the Narrative About the Marvels of the Forest
Natsukashī tosi eno tegami
Letters for Nostalgic Years
'Saigo no syousetu'
'The Last Novel'Essay
Atarashii bungaku no tame ni
For the New LiteratureEssay
Kirupu no gundan
The Army of Quilp
Jinsei no shinseki
An Echo of HeavenAwarded the Sei Ito Literary Prize
Chiryou tou
The Tower of Treatment
Shizuka na seikatsu
A Quiet Life
Chiryou tou wakusei
The Tower of Treatment and the Planet
Boku ga hontou ni wakakatta koro
The Time that I Was Really Young
'Sukuinushi' ga nagurareru made
Until the Savior Gets Socked燃えあがる緑の木 第一部 Moeagaru midori no ki dai ichi bu
The Flaming Green Tree Trilogy I
1994揺れ動く (ヴァシレーション)
Yureugoku (Vashirēshon)
Vacillating燃えあがる緑の木 第二部 Moeagaru midori no ki dai ni bu
The Flaming Green Tree Trilogy II
Ōinaru hi ni
On the Great Day燃えあがる緑の木 第三部 Moeagaru midori no ki dai san bu
The Flaming Green Tree Trilogy III
Aimai na Nihon no watashi
Japan, the Ambiguous, and Myself: The Nobel Prize Speech and Other LecturesTalk
Kaifukusuru kazoku
A Healing FamilyEssay with Yukari Oe
2000取り替え子 (チェンジリング)
Torikae ko (Chenjiringu)
The Changeling
'Jibun no ki' no shita de
Under the "Tree of Mine"Essay with Yukari Oe
Ureigao no dōji
The Infant with a Melancholic Face
'Atarashii hito' no hou he
Toward the "New Man"Essay with Yukari Oe
Nihyaku nen no kodomo
The Children of 200 Years
Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!
Farewell, My Books!
2007臈たしアナベル・リイ 総毛立ちつ身まかりつ
Routashi Anaberu rī souke dachitu mimakaritu
The Beautiful Annabel Lee was Chilled and Killed
sui shi
Death by Water
Bannen Youshiki shū (In Reito Sutairu)
In Late Style

Nobel lecture[edit]

Ōe's Nobel lecture on 7 December 1994 entitled "Aimai na Nihon no watashi" (Japan, the Ambiguous and Myself)[31] began with a commentary on his life as a child and how he was fascinated by The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Wonderful Adventures of Nils, which he used to take his mind off from the terror of World War II. He described surviving various hardships by using writing as an escape, "representing these sufferings of mine in the form of the novel," and how his son Hikari similarly uses music as a method of expressing "the voice of a crying and dark soul."

Ōe dedicated a large portion of his speech to his opinion of Yasunari Kawabata's acceptance speech, saying that the vagueness of Kawabata's title and his discussions of the poems written by medieval Zen monks were the inspiration for the title of his acceptance speech. Ōe, however, stated that rather than feeling spiritual affinity with his compatriot Kawabata, he felt more affinity with the Irish poet, William Butler Yeats, whose poetry had a significant effect on his writings and his life, even being a major inspiration for his trilogy, A Flaming Green Tree and the source of its title. Ōe stated, "Yeats is the writer in whose wake I would like to follow." He mentioned that based on his experiences of Japan, he cannot utter in unison with Kawabata the phrase "Japan, the Beautiful and Myself". Ōe also discussed the revival of militaristic feelings in Japan and the necessity for rejecting these feelings, and how Ōe desired to be of use in a cure and reconciliation of mankind.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ab"Oe, Pamuk: World needs imagination",; May 18, 2008.
  2. ^"The Nobel Prize in Literature 1994: Kenzaburo Oe (biography)". Nobel media. Retrieved 2013-05-02. 
  3. ^ abcdWeston, Mark (1999). Giants of Japan: The Lives of Japan's Most Influential Men and Women. New York: Kodansha International. pp. 294–295, 299. ISBN 1-568362862. 
  4. ^Kenzaburo Oe, The Art of Fiction No. 195The Paris Review
  5. ^Jaggi, Maya. "Profile: Kenzaburo Oë". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-22. 
  6. ^Onishi, Norimitsu. "Japanese Court Rejects Defamation Lawsuit Against Nobel Laureate,"New York Times. March 29, 2008.
  7. ^"Nobel laureate Oe urges nation to end reliance on nuclear power". The Japan Times. September 8, 2011. 
  8. ^[1]Mainichi Daily News, September 15, 2013, "Some 8,000 March in Tokyo Against Restart of Any Nuclear Power Plants" (accessed November 10, 2013)
  9. ^[2]Asahi Shumbun, 18 May 2013, "Writer Oe calls for stopping moves to revise Constitution" (accessed 9 November 2013)
  10. ^ abcSterngold, James. "Nobel in Literature Goes to Kenzaburo Oe of Japan,"New York Times. October 14, 1994.
  11. ^ abWilson, Michiko. (1986) The Marginal World of Ōe Kenzaburō: A Study in Themes and Techniques, p. 12.
  12. ^Ōe, The Method of a Novel, p. 197.
  13. ^Wilson, p. 135.
  14. ^Ōe, Ōe Kenzaburō Zensakuhin, Vol. 2 (Supplement No. 3). p. 16.
  15. ^Wilson p. 32.
  16. ^Wilson, p. 29.
  17. ^Wilson p. 47.
  18. ^Theroux, Paul. "Speaking of Books: Creative Dissertating; Creative Dissertating",, February 8, 1970.
  19. ^Lee, Leo Ou-fan (November 2009). "Always too late". Muse Magazine (34): 104. 
  20. ^Sobsey, RichardArchived 2009-07-01 at the Wayback Machine.. "Hikari Finds His Voice," Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC), produced by Compassionate Healthcare Network (CHN). July 1995.
  21. ^Nobel Prize, 1994 laureate biography
  22. ^WorldCat IdentitiesArchived 2010-12-30 at the Wayback Machine.: Ōe, Hikari 1963– 
  23. ^Wilson, p. 61.
  24. ^ abOnishi, Norimitsu. "Released From Rigors of a Trial, a Nobel Laureate’s Ink Flows Freely,"New York Times. May 17, 2008.
  25. ^"Oe's latest novel offers glimmer of hope in a world beset by catastrophe". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  26. ^"Novelist Oe inducted into France's Legion of Honor. - Free Online Library". Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  27. ^Liukkonen, Petri. "Kenzaburo Ōe". Books and Writers ( Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. 
  28. ^Tayler, Christopher. "The Changeling by Kenzaburo Oe." The Guardian. Friday June 11, 2010. Retrieved on November 9, 2012.
  29. ^Jing, Xiaolei. "Embracing Foreign Literature." Beijing Review. No. 7 February 19, 2009. Updated February 13, 2009. Retrieved on November 9, 2012.
  30. ^WorldCat IdentitiesArchived 2010-12-30 at the Wayback Machine.: Ōe, Kenzaburō 1935–
  31. ^[3]


Further reading[edit]

  • Kimura, Akio. (2007) Faulkner and Oe: The Self-Critical Imagination. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
  • Rapp, Rayne and Faye Ginsburg. "Enabling Disability: Rewriting Kinship, Reimagining Citizenship." (Archive) Public Culture. Volume 13, Issue 3. p. 533–556.
  • Ueda, Hozumi (上田 穗積 Ueda Hozumi). "Mice and Elephants, or Forests and Prairies : A Comparison of Ohe Kenzaburoh and Murakami Haruki" (鼠と象、あるいは森と平原 : 大江健三郎と村上春樹) (in Japanese)National Institute of Informatics (NII) Article ID (NAID) :40019369258. NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID) :AN10074725. ISSN 0910-3430. Journal Type :大学紀要. NDL Article ID :023863147. NDL Source Classification :ZV1(一般学術誌—一般学術誌・大学紀要). NDL Call No. :Z22-1315. Databases : NDL
  • Wilson, Michiko N. (2007). ″Kenzaburo Ôe: Laughing Prophet and Soulful Healer,″ on the official Nobel Foundation Website, [4]

External links[edit]

Kenzaburō Ōe at Japanisches Kulturinstitut Köln/Cologne (Germany), April 11, 2008
Ōe at a 2013 antinuclear demonstration in Tokyo
Book cover of the 1996 English version of Kenzaburō Ōe's book about his handicapped son and their life as a family.